Since SQL Server 2014, Tables with Columnstore Index are no longer read only and are updatable. This post is only applicable to SQL Server 2012.
Columnstore Index on fact tables provide significant improvements in response time especially for aggregated queries. One of the first things I did after migrating my databases to SQL Server 2012 was to create Columnstore Index on fact tables. Now I can run aggregated queries that fetch results in reasonable response a time which is great for development, unit testing and helps testers to run their test scripts faster.
One caveat to be aware of is that the table on which a Columnstore Index is defined cannot be inserted, updated or deleted (at the time of writing this post).
“DELETE statement failed because data cannot be updated in a table with a columnstore index. Consider disabling the columnstore index before issuing the DELETE statement, then rebuilding the columnstore index after DELETE is complete.”
So your SSIS ETL package must first disable the Columnstore Index, then load data and finally rebuild the Columnstore Index as last step which enables the index (Screen Capture 1).
In an ETL framework this could be automated by disabling all Columnstore Indexes before loading fact tables and rebuilding all Columnstore Indexes after all fact tables have been loaded.
--Get List of Columnstore Indexes SELECT obj.name, idx.name FROM sys.indexes AS idx INNER JOIN sys.objects AS obj on obj.object_id =idx.object_id AND obj.name like 'FACT%' AND idx.type =6 --NONCLUSTERED COLUMNSTORE
--Disable Columnstore Index ALTER INDEX CSI_FACT_TABLE ON dbo.FACT_TABLE DISABLE
--Rebuild/Enable Columnstore Index ALTER INDEX CSI_FACT_TABLE ON dbo.FACT_TABLE REBUILD